Category Archives: Aging & Longevity

Reduced Nicotinamide Mononucleotide – A Tale of Four NAD+ Precursors

NAD+ Precursors and Healthy Aging Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a coenzyme found in all living cells. It is a critical coenzyme for energy metabolism and also serves as the substrate for enzymes such as the sirtuins. One of the hallmarks of aging is declining cellular NAD+ levels.  Moreover, many studies carried out in different […]

NAD+ and the Hallmarks of Aging Series – Part 5: Deregulated Nutrient Sensing

Overview Currently, available evidence strongly supports the idea that anabolic signaling (the signal that promotes growth and proliferation) accelerates aging, and decreased nutrient signaling extends longevity (Fontana et al., 2010). Further, a pharmacological manipulation that mimics a state of limited nutrient availability, such as rapamycin, can extend longevity in mice (Harrison et al., 2009). In […]

Bacteria in Gastrointestional Tract Metabolize NMN and Impact NAD+ Metabolome

This recently published research by Drs. Lindsay Wu, David Sinclair and others examined the pathways that oral NMN takes to becoming NAD+ in mice. It confirmed some aspects of earlier research, and also made some surprising new findings. Several experiments were completed that all measured NAD+ metabolites in the Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT) and Liver, […]

CD73 utilization shows importance of NMN to restore NAD+

This recent study found that in endothelial cells, the extracellular conversion of NMN to NR by CD73 enzyme in the cell membrane is a key mechanism to maintain intracellular NAD+ Reversal of endothelial dysfunction by nicotinamide mononucleotide via extracellular conversion to nicotinamide riboside Like prior studies (1), they found that this transport method did not […]

How NAD+ Boosts ATP and What it Means for Health and Aging

Much of the attention on the benefits of restoring NAD+ levels focus on its role in activating sirtuins. However, scientific research shows that NAD supplementation has a clear beneficial effect not only on ageing itself but also on a vast range of age-related disorders through improving the levels of ATP. Declining ATP as we age […]

1st NMN Human Study Demonstrates Safety and Faster Utilization than NR

The single oral administration of NMN was safe and effectively metabolized in healthy men without causing any significant deleterious effects. Thus, the oral administration of NMN was found to be feasible, implicating a potentialtherapeutic strategy to mitigate aging-related disorders in humans.

NAD+ is the Transport Molecule Used by the Body, Not Nicotinamide Riboside

Restoring NAD+ levels in older animals and humans is at the center of efforts to slow or even stop the effects of aging. One method being researched is providing supplements  such as Nicotinamide Riboside (NR) that the body can use to create NAD+. The chart above is from this study published in August 2019 by […]

NAD+ for Metabolism and Brain, NMN for the body?

Researchers use supplementation with NMN, NR and NAD⁺ to restore levels of NAD⁺ in mice, making them look and behave like they did when young and extending their lifespan.

Although they have similar effect in some organs, there may be differences in the effect they have in other tissues throughout the body.